I provide both psychotherapy and biofeedback. Depending on what the client is coming for, we may do only psychotherapy, or only biofeedback, or a combination of the two. (Please see my article, “What is Biofeedback” for more on biofeedback. I am certified in biofeedback as well as licensed as a psychologist.)

My Approaches
I enjoy doing both short-term and long-term psychotherapy. My short-term psychotherapy is primarily Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Long-term therapy is psychodynamically-oriented, which does more looking at the past to uncover blocks to moving forward. Often, elements of both types of approaches are used, as the client and I find our way together to what is needed. Whatever the approach, it is clear to me, and research confirms, that the relationship between therapist and client is a major factor in the outcome of therapy. Thus, I do not just sit back and listen, staying silent. I strive to build a relationship that is supportive, encouraging, respectful and different from old disappointing relationships. Biofeedback can be used together with either short- or long-term therapy, when appropriate.

Examples of Specialty Areas that combine these Approaches:
For anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, generally CBT and biofeedback together are most helpful. This is because the combination addresses the contributions of both the mind and the body to the anxiety. CBT looks at the automatic thoughts, self- talk, beliefs, that help to maintain and exacerbate anxiety. Biofeedback looks at how the body is responding and helps the client learn to self-regulate these responses. Learning not to hyperventilate is especially powerful. Please see my article, “Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder Treatment” for specifics on what this treatment entails. Panic disorder is one of the issues I especially like working with, because I have seen over and over how responsive it is to this combination of approaches. Early experiences may have helped to create vigilance in the child that was helpful at one time but has become excessive, leading to unhelpful anxiety in the adult.

Pain conditions, pain management, medical conditions and chronic stress are other issues for which this combination of approaches can be powerful. Research has shown how styles of thinking and beliefs affect pain levels and pain perception. CBT  helps to identify these styles and to alter them. Biofeedback helps identify how the use of the body, including breathing and muscle tension, may be contributing to the pain and helps alter these habits.
I provide Psychotherapy and/or Biofeedback for:
Anxiety Disorders: Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder, Phobias, Generalized Anxiety
Pain Disorders and Pain Management
Psychophysiological conditions such as:
Migraine and tension headaches, TMJ, IBS, Pelvic floor muscle disorders, Respiratory disorders/hyperventilation
Chronic illness
Stress Management
Health and Wellness
Overcoming old defeating messages from the past
Life Transitions: Graduating, leaving home, divorce, retirement, aging
If you’re seeking help with one of these issues and if my approaches appeal to you, I invite you to contact me to discuss whether we might work together.

What and Who I do NOT work with:

The following are outside my areas of expertise:

Couples therapy (although I see individual members of the couple going through difficulties)
Family therapy
Children – with the exception of children over the age of 10 who are referred for biofeedback for  anxiety or for certain medical problems, such as migraine headaches.
Adolescents under the age of 18 – except for biofeedback.
Addictive disorders: eating disorders, substance abuse, tobacco use, sex addictions
Anger management
Sexual problems
Bi-polar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder and other Personality Disorders
Psychological testing/neuropsychological testing
Neurofeedback (EEG feedback). I do all other forms of biofeedback
Medication prescribing or management

If you’re seeking help in one of these categories, you will be able to find a therapist who has expertise in these areas. Don’t give up seeking help until you find the right person for you!